However, a great part of the adult population with hipertenso does not know that he is hipertensa; many of that they know are being adequately treated (TOSCANO, 2004). The impact of the not-transmissible chronic illnesses (DCNT) in the health of the populations is increasing in the whole world. Approximately 35 million people had died in 2005 for this cause, being 80% of these deaths in average countries and low income. The sistmica arterial hipertenso (HAS) is presented as one of the more common chronic agravos and with more serious clinical repercussions (BOING, 2007). Brazil is one of the countries that are aging faster in the history of the humanity, according to World-wide Organization of Health (OMS), of 2000 the 2005, the aged population in Brazil increased of 8,5% for 14%.
This advance of the aging of the Brazilian population is causing an alteration of the profile epidemiologist who started to present a bigger prevalence of chronic conditions of health (al HISSES et., 2008). In Brazil, approximately 65% of the aged ones are carrying of sistmica arterial hipertenso, more than enter the women with 65 years, the prevalence can arrive 80%. Considering that in 2025 it will more than have 35 million aged in the country, the number of carriers of arterial hipertenso tends to aggravate (JNIOR et al., 2006). In this current reality, the health professionals gain more scientific and social relevance, mainly in a etria band where she has the biggest probability of occurrence of degenerative illnesses chronic, affective and functional losses (JNIOR et al., 2006). 1,1 Prevalncia of the Arterial Hipertenso in Brazil One searches done for the Health department with 54 a thousand adults disclose that the prevalence of the illness, of 2006 the 2009, increased in all the etrias bands, mainly between the aged ones. Currently, 63.2% of the people with 65 years or more suffer from the problem against 57,8%, in 2006, in the population with up to 34 years the percentage do not pass of 14%, of the 35 to the 44 years the ratio go up for 20,9%.