Levels between 100 and 126 mg/dL is called alteration of glucose in fasting or pre-diabetes. These levels are considered risk factors for type 2 diabetes and its complications. A1chemoglobina A1c hemoglobin test: this test has been used in the past to help patients monitor what as well are controlling their blood glucose levels. In 2010, the American Diabetes Association (American Diabetes Association) recommended that the exam is serving as another option to diagnose diabetes and identify pre-diabetes. Do levels indicate:?Normal: less than 5.7%?Prediabetes: between 5.7% and 6.4%?Diabetes: 6.5% or higher tolerance test glucose tolerance oral glucose oralPrueba: diabetes is diagnosed if the level of glucose is higher than 200 mg/dL after 2 hours (this test is used more for type 2 diabetes). Random (not fasting) blood glucose random (not fasting) blood glucose: the diabetes is suspected if levels are above 200 mg/dL and are accompanied by the classic symptoms of increased thirst, urination and fatigue. (This test must be confirmed with another blood sugar on an empty stomach.) People with diabetes need to be checked every 3 to 6 months the level of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). HbA1c is a measure of average blood glucose over the previous 2-3 months.
This is a very useful to determine how well the treatment is working. Make sure to have checked their cholesterol levels and triglycerides each year (try to reach cholesterol levels below 100 mg/dL). TratamientoTratamiento the immediate goals of treatment are to treat the Ketoacidosis diabetic diabeticacetoacidosis and high levels of blood glucose. Due to the sudden onset and severity of symptoms in type 1 diabetes, it is possible that people who have just received the diagnosis need to stay in the hospital. Long-term treatment goals are: prolonging life reduce symptoms prevent complications related to diabetes, such as blindness, kidney failure, heart disease and limb amputation. These objectives will be achieved through: Control of blood pressure and cholesterol careful self-monitoring of blood glucose levels education exercise foot care planning of meals and the use of medications and insulin weight control there is No cure for diabetes.