Biomedical engineering designs and develops assistive devices for people in condition of disability, such as prostheses, wheelchairs or implants cochlear, as well as biomedical devices as equipment of conventional x-rays, nuclear magnetic Resonators, computerized MRI, ultrasound and pacemakers, which allow to obtain accurate medical diagnoses and treatments for complex diseases. Equally, manage and repair this technology, i.e., sailing by technological innovation and management of technologies in the health sector.Quality of life for people with discapacidadEn Latin America demand for biomedical engineers is notorious: the Andean area, for example, requires a productive sector of medical technology of low-cost, that competes with emerging markets such as South Asia. Colombia remains a country in developing, production of appropriate biomedical technology could reduce costs to the health care system, said Luis Eduardo Rodriguez, Co-Director of the biomedical engineering of the Colombian School of engineering program. Another important factor are the indices of disability. According to the DANE (2005 census), about six million people live with this condition in Colombia. A particular problem that presents the country and impact on the figures of disability, is the armed conflict. The military Hospital and the army battalion of health data indicate that there is annually an average of 200 amputees by landmines in armed conflict, said Antonio Miguel Cruz, co-director of the biomedical engineering program of the the University of the Rosario.La World Health Organization estimates that nearly 80% of the disabled population lives in developing countriesin which there are difficulties in accessing assistive technologies produced in developed countries. Deterioration of the equipment Biomedicoen 2005 the health system had 58,500 health professionals and 14.861 entities organized as IPS.
Of these, 4.552 paid attention 10.309 and public private, with a number of registered 53.306 beds, being this a considerable and value with a need for use of equipment and their management. Research has detected a marked deterioration of the infrastructure and equipment biomedical of the public hospital network, with periods of use of the equipment up to 40 years in almost 50% of the equipment that is currently used, said Rodriguez.nueva proposed the Rosary and the school of IngenierosAnte deficits facing the country of these professionals, the University of Rosario and the Colombian School of engineers decided to launch a new program in biomedical engineeringdesigned by an interdisciplinary group of professionals in the area of engineering and health. Program was born of the Royal union of two institutions that contribute their strengths to form a good professional. It was created under international standards. In addition to this, it has a proper internationalization policy allowing student to be inserted competitively in a global market around which revolves the discipline, explained the co-directors of engineering biomedical of the Rosary and the school of engineering. Biomedical engineering of the school of engineering and of the Rosary has four emphasis options terminals that have been selected and designed according to the needs of the country: Clinical Engineering; Bioinformatics; Processing Digital images and signals and bioinstrumentation; engineering and rehabilitation technologies, noted scholars.