Treating Chronic Pain

The integrated model of assistance to multidiscipline must mold it the complex and multidimensional nature of pain and imply the individual formularization of disgnostic and therapeutical plans that frequently demand the adoption of some modalities of concomitant or sequential interventions, multipoint and multimodal. ‘ ‘ The programs most efficient of control of pain are programs to multidiscipline that they combine interventions cognitivas, physical, and emotional of the cognitivo-mannering therapy with the rational use of analgsicas drugs. The objectives of programs of this type are extended beyond the control of pain, and search to restore the quality of general life of the patient, diminishing the approach in the medication, restoring the activity levels and increasing psychological well-being and social’ ‘. Therefore, the control of the symptoms, the improvement of the comfort, the modification of the symbolism of pain, the normalization or the restoration of the physical, psychic and social functions of the sick people, the maximizao of the remaining potentials, the prevention of the deterioration of the physical and mannering conditions are some goals to be reached in the treatment of sick people with chronic pain. The objective of the treatment is the improvement of the quality of life and the biopsicossocial reintegration of the sick people. For this it is necessary that let us not understand pain as an isolated fact, as a simple product of a organic disfuno, but yes as resultant one of diverse interpreted singular factors of distinct forms per item of its carriers. On this subject Fields (1995, p.96) it says: ‘ ‘ It has necessity of an Inter relation between the different professionals, who must see the patient as a whole, having a humanizada attitude. It is of interest that the psychologist transmits its knowledge and perceptions of the patient to the members of the team, so that these can have an integral vision of the patient..

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