In this period, where the small peasants represented exception, the great parcel of the population was formed for wage-earning peasants and in general, that they gave services for the great large estate owners. The cities, that depended to a large extent on the agricultural production of the great properties, were inhabited by some thousands, divided in diverse groups: the tribe, the fraternity, the clan and the family. The agrarian social structure, based in the hereditary succession of lands and the goods propitiated with that all the domain politician was exerted by the great agricultural proprietors and its families. To the few this lack of perspectives for the classrooms lowest finished provoking revolts and increasing the disrespect to the law, facts that in turn had forced the leading classrooms to introduce economic and social changes, in order not to be completely unloaded of its position of domain. New chances in the overseas commerce had been created, with the construction of merchant fleets with the resources accumulated for the large estate owners during years of economic domain. Part of the destitute population, ' ' Lumpenproletariat' ' , not seeing conditions of improvement of life in Greece, it embarked to establish new colonies in the Jnia (current coast of Turkey) and in Italy and Sicily (Great Greece). Parallel Greek merchants, makeing more frequent contact with other cultures, and identifying technological demands to develop its commerce, had incorporated the use of the currency (probably of Lydian origin), had introduced the use of weights and measures (sufficiently used for the fencios) and adaptaram the fencio alphabet its language.
However, social situation not yet was stabilized. Although the increasing progress (and perhaps because of it), still reigned one instabilidde social in the cities. In such a way, to appear legislators who? now with the diffusion of the writing? they had been able to create and to establish written laws to be fulfilled for all the population.