The index of mortality related to the breaking of fmur is increased with the age, and Souza et al. (2007), they cite that they are bigger between the men although the breakings of fmur to be more frequent in women. At the moment of the breaking, Sakaki et al (2004) cites that the existence of other patologias is determinative factor to the biggest tax of mortality, being most frequent, the cardiac patologias and pulmonary, renais illnesses, diabetes mellitus cerebral vascular accident of bigger influence, relates that 67% of the taken care of patients presented two or more illnesses associates to the femoral breaking. For still not having in Brazil a relative specialty directed to the attendance of urgency to the aged population. Fields et al. (2007), they cite that it is necessary to understand the alterations physiological, that can be confused with pathological alterations, objective to reduce the index of morbidade and mortality, to implement the treatment in fast and correct way, and to promote a reduction in the time of internment and as well as its complications; to propitiate an attendance in the ready aid in humanizada way being also respected all its limitations that are related directly with the age. Physiological and anatomical alterations Related to the system to tegumentar, the aged ones sufficiently possess the diminished turgor, cutaneous and hair fragility, beyond venosa and arterial net sufficiently modified due to vascular resistance, accumulation of plates of ateroma in the soul and valvas of the arteries and veins. Souza et al.
(2002), they relate despite the related alteration the vision must mainly the alterations in the crystalline lens; auditory reduction, occurs a deterioration in the agencies of the directions, has modifications in the coordination, decurrent motor force and postural balance also of neurological alterations. Fields et al. (2007), they cite that the alteration in the neurological system is reflected in the reduction of the intellectual answers, of the memory, slowness in the motor coordination, modifying the position and marches.