Eggplant (Solanum melongena) – vegetable plant of the nightshade family. Homeland eggplant – India, Burma and China. In Europe it is cultivated in the Balkans, Italy and southern France. Biological features. Eggplant – an annual plant with a hard branched stems up to 90 cm and gray-green, egg-shaped leaves. The flowers are bisexual, self-pollinating, blue or violet flowers similar to potatoes, only a little more. The edible portion of eggplant – fruit elongated or pear-shaped.
Peel it shiny, purple, green or whitish, flesh – white or greenish. Yellowish seeds remain viable for up to 5 years. Tender eggplant pulp is considered to be nutritious and Diet. Especially useful for eggplant to those who suffer from diseases of the digestive tract. Widespread Bulgarian variety Delicacy (M 12), dark purple and Dutch varieties. Growing.
Eggplant – very heat-loving plant, the optimum temperature for it – 18-30 C. Outside, it can be grown only on the sunny and sheltered areas, but in this case, the gardener is risking much. In our climate in high yields outdoors impossible. The soil under the eggplant should quickly warm up in spring, be light, fertile. Severe get slightly wet soil is not suitable for this crop. It is best to plant eggplant in a sunny area, fenced wall on the north side. At christopher ridgeway you will find additional information. It is recommended to cultivate them in small or parnichkah teplichke. Plants are protected from rain and cold of the night, due to which their growth and development slowed. When the eggplants grow to glasses frame raised above.